体育外围

国内船配业“最低价竞标”陷竞争怪圈

2018-08-03 08:48:50
来源:体育外围 编辑: 泛亚电竞官网 我有话要说

国内船配业“最低价竞标”陷竞争怪圈

一套船用抛锚系泊(产品库 求购 供应体育外围)设备,中标价居然比制造成本还低20%。这不是天方夜谭,而是让不少船用设备供应商无奈的竞标现实。

riqian,jizhezaicaifangzhonglejiedao,suizhechuanpeishichangjingzhengjinrubairehuajieduan,shebeigongyingshangzaicanyuxiangmujingbiaoshizhengxianrudijiajingzhengxuanwo,bushaoshebeigongyingshangyiqitongguo“zuidijiazhongbiao”huoquxindingdan。tongshi,bushaochuanqihechuandongduishebeidecaigou、zhaobiaoxianru“zuidijiazhongbiao”deguaiquan,yuanbenchanpinzhiliangguoyingqiexinyukoubeijiaogaodezhengguishebeichangjiaquelvcizaijingbiaoguochengzhongbeiyicichonghao、guimobujidezhongxiaoxingqiyedabaichuju。ciwai,shouyuancailiaojiageyilufengzhang、chuanqicaigouchengbendafuxuejiandengyinsuyingxiang,bushaoshebeigongyingshangmianlinchanyelianshangxiayoudeduofang“jiaji”。

duici,yeneirenshibiaoshi,“zuidijiazhongbiao”zaizuichujieduankechengyishizhikuai,danshi,suizhexiangmujinruchanpinshengchan、chuanjishejianyanjieduandengyunyinghuanjie,xujinglizhongzhongguanka,yizuidijiazhongbiaodexiangmuyinfadejianzaofangong、zhilianganquanyinhuandengwentijiangzhububaolu。zuizhong,zaizheichang“zuidijiajingbiao”dejiagezhanzhong,shebeigongyingshangmenyuchuanqijiangxianru“yubang”xiangzhenger“yuweng”budelidegangachujing。duici,yixiechuanpeiqiyefuzerenhuyu,shebeigongyingshangcanyujingbiaoyaobaoliujiagedixian,renheshihoudoubunengyidiyuchanpinchengbenjiadejiagecanyushichangjingzheng,congertuokuazhenggexingye,eryingdangchuangzaoyigegongping、youxudeshichangjingzhenghuanjing。

“最低价竞标”为何死灰复燃?

“价格战”惯性?争取融资?反腐旗号?

尽管“最低价竞标”成为业界共同诟病的问题,但是“最低价中标”的项目却不断出现。前几年,在船用设备中低端领域,一旦出现新订单,国内船配企业就会大打价格战以抢夺新订单。但是,近年来,随着一批中小型设备供应商被市场洗牌出局,“最低价竞标”现象逐渐在中高(船机库 位置)端技术产品领域出现。

体育外围 “henduochuanqizhaobiaodeyuancailiaojiagewei5000yuan/dun,kexiangmuzhongbiaojiagejuranzhiyou3000~4000yuan/dun。zuizhong,zaojiadeshengli,zuoyoudechuju。zheiyangdejieguoranghenduozhengguiqiyegenbenmeibanfajieshou。”jiangsuyijiachuanpeiqiyefuzerenyizijideqinshenjinglixiangjizhejiangshu,zaicanyuyijiachuanqi2souchuandeshebeixiangmujingbiaozhong,tongxingyidiyuyuancailiao1000yuan/dundejiageshengchu,nadaolegaixiangmu。danshi,zaihouqihetongzhixingguochengzhong,youyushoujiahechengbenyanzhongdaogua,genbenmeibanfajiaofuhuowu,chuanqiwunaizhixiayouzhongxinzhaobiaozhaozhengguichangjiaqushoushi“canju”,zuizhong,gaichuanqiweiciduohualewushiduowanyuan。

体育外围anlishuo,chiyiqian,zhangyizhi。chuanqizaixiacidezhaobiaoguochengzhongyingshenkefansi,congjiage、zhiliang、qiyezizhi、chengxindengduofangkaolv,guibizheizhongfengxian。danshi,bushaoshebeishangfanying,zaixiayicidexiangmujingbiaozhong,bushaozhaobiaofangqiyeyijiuhuixuanze“zuidijiazhongbiao”。jiuqiyuanyin,shouxian,bushaochuanqizaizhaobiaoguochengzhongcunzaiyizhong“jiagezhan”dexinli,yeshiqibianxiangshiyacushishebeigongyingshangjiangdibaojiadeyizhongshouduan。zaicanyujingbiaodeqiyezhong,yizhicijiadizhedebaojiajinyibuyadizhiyouzhedebaojia,congerposhizhiyouzheyigengdijiagebaojia,yidanzhiliangguoyingdeguimochangjiazhongbiao,chuanqiyebianxiangxiangchanyelianxiayouzhuanjialechengben。danruguozhiyouzhewufajieshouguodidejiage,erzhaobiaofangyouguoyuqiangdiaochengbenerhushizhiliang,jiuhuidaozhizhaobiaodetianpingqingxiangyujiage。

体育外围qici,huodeyinxingrongzizhichiyechengwei“dijiajingbiao”deyidayouyin。ziqunianyilai,jinguanyipizhongxiaoxingchuanpeiqiyexiangjipochan、daobi,danshichangshanghaicunzaiyipiyijingchuxianyanzhongwenti、danshangweidaobipochandeqiye,zheixieqiyeweileweichizhengchangyunzhuan,wangwangtongguohuodedijiadingdanlaiyingzaoqiyedingdanbuque、youxushengchandefenwei,congerhuodeyinxingderongzizhichi,zheiyeshiqicanyudijiajingbiaodezhuyaoyuanyin。danshi,yidan“zuidijiazhongbiao”zhezaihouqihetongzhixingguochengzhongchuxianwenti,duiqiwuyishixueshangjiashuang,kuisundingdanhuijiasuqishuaibai,zhongbiaohetongyewufawancheng,zuizhongzaochengliangbaijushang。

chucizhiwai,bushaochuanqizaishebeixiangmuzhaobiaozhongyi“fanfu”demingyi,sheding“zuidijiazhongbiao”dejiagemenjian,yidandapozuidijiazhongbiao,bianrenweiqizhongcunzai“maoni”,zheiyerangbushaoshebeigongyingshangxianru“zuidijiazhongbiao”deguaiquan。

duici,yeneixiangguanrenshizhichu,“zuidijiazhongbiao”wangwangyixishengzhilianglaihuodexiangmujingbiaozige,congshebeijichengshangdaocailiaogongyingshang,qiyedeyalidoufeichangda。dangqian,chuanpeiqiyecanyutoubiaobeiyajiadexianxiangyichangyanzhong,youyuchanyelianshangmeigehuanjiedouxiwangzaibukuibendejichushangyouqianzhuan,shangxiayouqiyedouzaiqianfangbaijidiwajue“jiagedilian、zhiliangguodequ”dechanpinlaitoubiao。

 “最低价中标”伤了谁?

恶劣风气下谁能独善其身?

体育外围“meiyounageqiyeyuanyicanyu‘zuidijiazhongbiao’,danshishichanghuanjingyidanbeiraoluan,zheizhongxianxiangjiuhuicongchanyelianxiayouxiangshangyouexingchuandao。buyajia,zhongbulebiao;zhonglebiao,chanpinzhiliangjiuhuixiajiang。”jiangsuyijiachuanjiqiyefuzerentanyan,“zuidijiazhongbiao”zhuzhangyicichonghaodeeliefengqi,daozhichanpinjianzaozhiliangxiajiang,shouhoufuwuxuqiudazeng,jiqiyepinpaihexinyumohei。

同时,“最低价中标”还将影响企业创新研发的积极性,对于创新型企业极为不利。一些船用设备,特别是主机(产品库 求购 供应)、通信导航(产品库 求购 供应)等高附加值船用设备,从项目立项,到研发、生产、上船试验等环节,需要长时间的研发探索和积累。一些重研发、善创新的设备厂家每年均投入巨额的研发经费、高薪聘请科研人员,产品的定价和质量自然较高。而“最低价中标”很少考虑投标企业的产品质量,更不会去考虑其技术水平、产品的品质和企业运营如何。为此,“最低价中标”的“价格战”策略挤压的不仅是企业效益,也是持续创新的投入空间。如果以“最低价中标”参与投标,产品质优企业只能“哑巴吃黄连,有苦说不出”。

 “‘zuidijiazhongbiao’xingweijiyiyinfatougongjianliao、yicichonghaodexianxiangfasheng,weichanpinmaixiaanquanyinhuan。”nanjingyijiashengchanchuanyongmaojiaojideqiyefuzerenzhichu,“dijiajingbiao”dezhongbiaojiayijingyanzhongdiyuchengben,danshi,qiyejingyingdemudeshiyingli,qiyecanyudijiazhongbiaodemudeyeshiweijiedanzhuanqian,yaoshixianyinglijiuzhinengtongguotougongjianliaohuozhezaijianzaohuanjieshichanpinzhiliang“suoshui”。

体育外围buguo,yeyouqiyefuzerenbiaoshi,xiangbiguonei“zuidijiazhongbiao”dexianxiang,guowaiyixiechuanqi、chuandongzaizhaobiaoguochengzhongxiandegengjialixing。“jingbiaoyixieguowaihuowaiziqiyedexiangmudeguochengzhong,zhaobiaofanghuiduichanpinyuancailiaopeibi、chanpinjiegoudengtichuyangedeyaoqiu,shenzhigenjuqiyedeshejitujinxingyijia,xuanzeyouzhiyoujiadeqiye。erdangqianguoneizheiyangdezhaobiaomoshiquehenshao。”jiangsujingjiangyijiashebeichangjiadexiangguanfuzerengaosujizhe,zaicanyujingbiaodeguoneiwaishichangzhong,guoneizhaobiaofangduidijiagedeguofenqiangdiaoyuribendengguowaishichangduizhiliangdezhuzhongxingchenglexianmingdeduibi。tahuyuguoneishichangyekeyizaizhaobiaoguochengzhongduofangkaoliangtoubiaoqiyedezizhixinyuhechanpinzhiliang。

duici,yeneirenshibiaoshi,“zuidijiazhongbiao”dexianxiangshishebeigongyingshangxianrufazhandemimangyukunhuozhong,yidanzheizhong “zuidijiazhongbiao”moshizaixingyemanyan,bujinbuliyuxingyeyouxu、jiankangfazhan,duiyucujinchuanpeiyezhuanxingshengji、shixianzaochuanqiangguomengyejianggouchengfumianyingxiang。

dangqian,fanyadianjingguanwanggulichuanpeiqiyezou“renwuwoyou、renyouwoyou、renyouwojing”dechuangxinzhilu,shouxianyaodapodejiushi“zuidijiazhongbiao”deguaiquan,haichuanpeishichangyigelixing、guifan、ganjingdejingzhenghuanjinghefazhanfenwei。bushaoqiyefuzerenjianyi,yifangmian,shebeigongyingshangyaozilv、zunshouxingyedaode,zaicanyujingbiaoguochengzhongbumangmugenfeng、eyishajia;lingyifangmian,chuanqizaizhaobiaoguochengzhong,yingyanbashichangzhunruguan,jianquanshichangchuqingjizhi。duifashengguoyanzhongzhiliang、anquanshiguheyanzhongtoubiaoshixin、lvyueshixin、xinghuishouhuixingweideshebeigongyingshang,yijiweifaweiguidejiancejigouherenyuanshixing“heimingdan”zhidu,xianzhiqijinruzhaobiao、toubiaoshichang。yucitongshi,xingyexiangguanzhuguanbumenyeyaobuduanwanshanzhaobiaoguochengzhongdezhuizejizhi,yidanfaxianzhiliangwenti,yingduizhaobiaofangzerenrenjinxingzhuize。

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