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LNG运输船全生命周期经济性分析

2021-05-08 10:14:42
来源:体育外围 泛亚电竞官网 编辑: 泛亚电竞官网 我有话要说

LNG运输船全生命周期经济性分析

lngchuanyunshilngyunshudezhuyaoyunshufangshi,lngyunshuchuyulngchanyeliantiaodezhongyouhuanjie,weilianjielngchanyeshangxiayoudeyanhou。lngyunshuchuanzuoweijutideyunshuzaiti,yinqiyunshudeanquan、wendinghekekaodetedian,beichengwei“haishangfudongguandao”。quanshengmingzhouqilinianbaohanlechuanbodesheji、jianzao、yingyun、gaizao、tuiyidengjieduan,yinruquanshengmingzhouqilinian,nenggouyouxiaotigaolngyunshuchuandejingjixingfenxi。

一、 LNG运输船的发展现状

体育外围jiezhi2019nianniandi,quanqiugongyou598soulngyunshuchuan,qizhong35soufsru,5soufsu,35souxiaoxinglngyunshuchuan(cangrongwei4wanfangyixia),478souchangguixinglngyunshuchuan,31souq-flexchaodaxinglngyunshuchuan(cangrongwei21wanfangguige),14souq-maxchaodaxinglngyunshuchuan(cangrongwei26.6wanfangguige)。

体育外围zailngyunshuchuandexianhuoyunshuchuanbozujinfangmian,shoulnghuowujiagebodongjixianhuomaoyixuqiu、liuxiangdeyingxiang,lngyunshuchuanzai2019niandepingjunrizujinxiangbi2018nianjunweixiadie。tfdechuanxingcong2018niande8.53wanmeiyuan/tianxiadiezhi2019niande6.85wanmeiyuan/tian,stchuanxingcong2018niande5.35wanmeiyuan/tianjiangdao2019niande4.79wanmeiyuan/tian,megihexdfchuanxingzecong2018niande9.96wanmeiyuan/tianhuiluozhi2019niande8.15wanmeiyuan/tian。(xinguanyiqingyilai,lngchuanyunjiagejinglilebodong。——nengyuanqingbaobeizhu)

二、LNG运输船的发展趋势

congjishujiaodulaikan,lngyunshuchuandefazhanqushichengxianchu:

1)chuyutigaoyunshujingjixingkaolv,pingjuncangrongbuduanzengda;

体育外围2)lngmaoyiyunjuyuelaiyuezhang;

3)weijiangdihuosun,zhengfalvyuelaiyuedi。bomoxingyinzhengfalvdi、cangrongliyonglvgao,beiguangfancaiyong;

4)zhujijishubuduanjinbu,xinjianlngyunshuchuandaduocaiyongshuangranliaozhuji+chilunxiang+cppdezhituidonglixitong。

dangqian,suizhequanqiulngmaoyizhujianxiang“gengduan”“gengxiao”huafazhan,changguilngyunshuchuanzaijinyiliangnianlichengxianchugongdayuqiudejiaojintaishi。dansuizhexinjianyehuagongchangdeluxutouyun,tebieshizailngmaoyiyunjubuduanzengzhangdequshixia,xuyaoyuelaiyueduodelngyunshuchuanjinxingpeitaoyunshu。yujicong2020niandao2023nian,jiangxintouchan110soulngyunshuchuan,danzengjiadeyunlirengmanzubulexintouyongdelngyehuachannengchukouxuqiu,guchangguilngyunshuchuanderizujinzaiweilaisannianhoujianghuinuanshangsheng。

三、LNG运输船全生命周期经济性分析范围

体育外围lngyunshuchuandequanshengmingzhouqifanweizhuyaobaohanchuanbodesheji、jianzao、yingyun、gaizao、tuiyidengjieduan。zaichuanbosheji、jianzaoqijian,chuandongguanzhuchuanbojianzaozhouqi、chuanbozaojia;zaichuanboyunyingqijian,chuandongguanzhuchuanbodeyunyinglv,jiangdiyunyingchengben,zengjiachuanbozujinshouyidengwenti。danpubianyiyishang,ruxiangyaochuanbozaiyingyunqijianbaochilianghaozhuangtai,zezaisheji、jianzaojieduanjiuxuzengjiatouru,ruyiweizhuiqiujiangdichuanbojianzaozibentouru,erxuanzexingnengzhuangtaibuhaodeshebei,zejianghuidaozhichuanbozaiyingyunqijianchuxiangengduopincideweixiubaoyang,congerdaozhichuanboyunyinglvdejiangdi,jianshaochuanbodezujinshouru;danruweitigaochuanbozaitouchanhoudeyunyinglv,tigaohebaozhangchuanboxingnengzhuangtai,erxuanzejiadachuanbojianzaozibentouzi,zeyouyoukenenghuichuxianmeiyoubiyaodetourulangfei,zhishichuanbozaojiataigao、touzihuishouqizengjiadexianxiang。

weipinghengjiejueshangshuwenti,jiangchuanboquanshengmingzhouqijingjixingfenxidegainianyinrulngyunshuchuandetouzijuecezhongshishifenyoubiyaode。

(yi) shejijieduan

zhuyaozhichuandongxuandingzhuanyechuanboshejiyuanjinxingyixiangchuanbodejibensheji、xiangxishejiheshebeixuanxing,yijiyuchuanboshejixiangguandexilieshiyan,rushuichishiyandeng。chuanboshejidehaohuaiduihouxuchuanbojianzao、yingyunhuichanshengzhiguanzhongyaodeyingxiang,yincichuandongzaishejijieduanxuyuchuanboshejiyuanzuochongfendegoutong,bayixiangchuanbodeshichangdingwei、hangxingquyu、chuanboxingnengzhuangtaidengchongfenchuandijishejiyuan。duiyulngyunshuchuanlaishuo,chuanboyulngyehuagongchangmatou、lngjieshouzhandechuananjianrongpipeizaishejijieduandetiqiankaolv,jianghuiduichuanbotouchanhoudehangxingquyujishichangjienaduchanshengjudadeyingxiang。zaichuanboshejijieduan,jibenkekuangdingchuanbodejianzaozibentourufanwei。

(er)jianzaojieduan

zhuyaozhichuandongyuzaochuanchangqiandingchuanbojianzaohetonghou,chuanchangjinxingshengchansheji、shebeihecailiaodecaigou、jiagong、fenduanzuzhuang、chuantihelong、xiashui、xizhuangheshiyanjiaochuandenggongzuo。duiyulngyunshuchuan,huowuweihuxitonghelngranliaokongzhixitongshihexin,chuanchangduihuocangshengchanjiagongdezhiliangkongzhixiandezhiguanzhongyao,lingxujinxingqitishiyan,yijiancehuowuweihuxitong、lngranliaokongzhixitongdengshifoukedadaoshejixingnengzhuangtai。zaichuanbojianzaojieduan,chuandongxiangzaiyiqiandingdezaochuanhetongjineneijinkenengdixuanyongyouzhishebei、tigaochuanboxingnenghetiqianjiaochuan,erchuanchangzhuiqiudeshizaimanzuzaochuanhetongyaoqiuxia,tongguojishugaijin、guanliyouhuadengfangshijiangdijianzaochengben。yinci,dabufenlngyunshuchuanchuandongjunhuizujianzhuanyedechuanbojianzaoduiwu,duichuanchangdechuanbojianzaojindu、zhiliang、anquan、feiyongdengjinxingguankong。

(san)yingyunjieduan

zhuyaoshizhichuanbocongchuanchangjiaochuanjichuandonghou,zaichuandonggongsihuozhuanyechuanboguanligongsideguanlixia,tourushichangzhongfuyi,shouquchuanbozujinshouyidejieduan。lngyunshuchuandadoucaiyongqizujingyingmoshi,yincichuandongzhezhongguanzhuchuanbodeyunyinglv、zaizulvyijichuanboweixiubaoyang、yunyingchengbendetourudeng。lingwai,yinlngyunshuchuanzhuangzaihuowudezhengfatexing,huowuzhengfasunhaoshifoufuhezuchuanhetongyaoqiuyishichuandongguanzhudezhongdian。

(si)gaizaojieduan

zhuyaoshizhiduichuanbojinxingzhongdadegaizaohuogaizhuang,yikuodachuanbofuwugongnenghuoyanzhangchuanbodefuyiqideng。youdechuanbobuxuyaojinxingzhongdagaizao,yizhianzhaoshejichuzhongjinxingfuyi;youdechuanboyinfuwuduixiang、shichangdingwei、jishushengjihuandaidengbianhuaerxujinxingzhongdagaizao。

体育外围lngyunshuchuandezhongdagaizaozhuyaoyou:1)gaizaoweifsruhuoflng,shixianchuanbofuwugongnengdezhongdabianhua;2)gaizaoweilngjiazhuchuan,zengjiachuanbodejiazhugongneng;3)gaizaoweifsu,zheidabufenfashengzailaojiuchuanboshenshang。zaiciqijian,chuandonghuiduijinxinggaizaodeewaitouziyijigaizaozhihoudeyuqishouyijinxingzonghepinggufenxi。

(wu)tuiyijieduan

体育外围zhuyaoshizhichuanboshiqufuwunenglihe/huoyinglinengli,zhuanweixianzhizhuangtaihuosongzhichaichuanchangjinxingchuanbochaijie、huishou。zaizheiyijieduan,ruweixianzhizhuangtai,zechuandongzhuiqiuzaimanzuanquandetiaojianxia,jinkenengdijianshaokanchuanchengben;rujinxingchuanbochaijie、huishou,zeweichuanbobaofei,chaichuanchangzuoweizhuyaofuzefang,zhuiqiujinkenengduodijinxinghuishou,zengjiashouyi。

jianglngyunshuchuanzaishangshuwudajieduanqijianneidexianjinliuliangheliuxiangjinxingjisuan,zaiquanshengmingzhouqinei,jiangsheji、jianzao、rongzi、gaizao、yunyingdengchengbenzhichuzuoweixianjinliuchu,chuanbozujinshourujibaofeishourudengshouyizuoweixianjinliuchu,jikeduilngyunshuchuandequanshengmingzhouqijinxingjingjixingpingjia。

四、LNG运输船全生命周期经济性分析要素

duiyuchuandongeryan,lngyunshuchuandezaochuanzibentouruhechuanboyingyunqijianyunyingfeiyongtourushijinxingchuanbojingjixingfenxipingjiazuiweiguanzhudelianggefangmian。chuanbodezaochuanzibenchengbenzhuyaobaokuoshejifei、zaochuanhetongjia、jianzaofei、beijianfei、bukeyujifeijijiansheqilixideng。muqian,changgui17wanfanglngyunshuchuandechuanchangjianzaohetongjiageyuewei1.8-1.9yimeiyuan,erarc7pobingxinglngyunshuchuanmeisouchuanchangzaojiayuewei3.2yimeiyuan。chuanboyingyunqijiandeyunyingfeiyongtourukechengweichuanbocaozuochengben,yongyuchuanborichangguanlidebiyaozhichu,busuizuqizhangduan、yunshuliangduoshaodebianhuaerbianhua。zheibufenfeiyongbaokuochuanyuanfeiyong、chuanbowuxiufeiyong、hangxiufeiyong、yihaopinfeiyong、beipinbeijianfeiyong、chuanbobaoxianfeiyong、guanlifeiyongdeng。genjuchuanboguanligongsideguanlishuipingheguanliguimo,changguidaxinglngyunshuchuandeyunyingchengbenyuewei1.6-2wanmeiyuan/tian。

genjushichangdingweidebutong,tourushichangfuyidelngyunshuchuankefenwei“xiangmupeitaochuan”ji“xianhuojihuichuan”dengliangzhongleixing,zheiliangzhongleixingdeshichangrizujingenjuchuanbodingweidetedianeryousuobutong。

体育外围“xiangmupeitaochuan”weipeitaogudingdelngmaoyixiangmuertouzijianzaodechuanbo,gaileixingchuanbodezhuyaotedianwei:

体育外围1)gudingzujiadezhangqizuyue,yibanwei15-25nian;

2)gudingtouzishouyilvfantuidezibenbufenrizujin。genjuchuanbozaojia、rongzifeilvjichuandongkejieshoudeshouyiyuqiershedinggudingdetouzihuibaolv,bingfantuichuchuanbozibenbufenrizujin;

体育外围3)yunyingchengbenshibaoshixiaozhesuandeyunyingchengbenbufenrizujin。chuandongzaidangniandisijiduxiangchengzurentijiaoxianiandudeyunyingchengbenyusuanjihua,bingyouchengzurenjinxingshenhe。yunyingchengbenanshuangfangrentongdeyusuanjinezhesuanweiyunyingchengbenrizujin,tongguozujindexingshishouhui;

体育外围4)zuchuanhetong、jianzaohetongherongzihetongtongshiqianding。

体育外围“xianhuojihuichuan”weichuandongkanhaolngyunshuchuandeweilaishichang,zaimeiyoupeitaogudingzuyuedeqiantixiatouzijianzaodechuanbo。gaileixingchuanbodezhuyaotedianwei:

1)chuanbotouchanqianshangweiqudepeitaogudingzuyue,tongguozaiweilaidelngxianhuomaoyishichanghuodechuanbochuzujihuierqudezujinshouyi;

2)shouchuanboshichanggongxuyingxiang,chuanbozujinshangxiafudongfanweida;

体育外围3)dadaochuandongyuqitouzihuibaolvdeyingxiangyinsuduo,fengxianjiaoda。

chuanbodadouweichangguitongyongxinglngyunshuchuan,shichangxuanzemianda。

zaiduilngyunshuchuanquanshengmingzhouqijingjixingfenxiyaosudexuanquzhong,haixuzhuyichuanbodechuananjianrongfanwei、ranliaoxiaohaolv、zhengfalv、hangsu、cangrong、zhuang/xiehuosulvdengjishupingjiazhibiao,zheixieguanjianjishucanshuxingnengdedabiaohebaochiyufou,jiangzhijieyingxiangchuanbozaishichangshangdezujinshuiping、shouhuanyingchengduyijichuanbodeyingyunlv,jineryingxiangdaochuanbodequanshengmingzhouqijingjixingpingjia。

五、结语

体育外围jiangquanshengmingzhouqigainianyinrulngyunshuchuandejingjixingpingjiazhong,kezuoweichuanboshejijianzao、shebeixuanxingjichuanbogaizaodejueceyiju;tongshi,kaolvyunyingqijianchuanbozaizulv、shichangzujinshuipingdebianhua、chuanboguanjianjishuxingnengdeweichi,gengshicongchuanboyunyingdejiaoduchufalaizonghepingguchuanbodeyuqijingjixiaoyijisuokenengmianlindefengxian,congerdadaoduilngyunshuchuanjinxinggengweijingzhun、gengweiwanshan、xiaoyizuidahuadejingjixingfenxi。

wen/zhouyuliang zhonghaiyounengyuanfazhangufenyouxiangongsicaiyoufuwufengongsi

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